ATM explosive attacks trends.
Coming back to the central concern of this incident reporting platform, the ATM has proven to be in the history of the Physical Security report a target of interest for criminals. The more banks improved countermeasures to limit the possibility of bank robberies the more the criminals turn to ATM and Cash transport to get access to cash. The attacks against the ATM became over the past years increasingly violent. Indeed the resistance of the infrastructure to brute force or gas attack has lead robbers to revert to more powerful explosive. In this report, two national banking association have reported an increasing number of those attacks. The Dutch and Hellenic banking association describe the issue as follow.
For the NVB: “The number of ATM attacks increased in 2016 (79) compared to 2015 (56). In the first half year of 2017, there were 40% fewer attacks compared to the first 6 months of 2016. However, more often explosives are used by criminals, and therefore the danger for residents living nearby an ATM is significantly increased. At 95% of the ATM attacks in 2016 criminals used an explosive instead of gas. This is a big concern for Dutch banks and of course others.
Due to the increasing danger for residents and bystanders banks have decided to close dozens of ATM’s based on risk analysis (availability of cash taken into account) and in addition to measures to prevent an ATM attack banks have invested in measures facilitating the detection of criminals, like alerting the police and intelligent camera detection.”
For the HBA: “Τhe ATM explosions (almost exclusively with the usage of gas), are highly increased through the first semester of 2017. In 2016 we had 47 physical attacks to ATMs (both successful and unsuccessful attempts) 24 of which were operated by using explosive gasses (+50% of total). In the first semester of 2017, we had 49 recorded physical attacks (both successful and unsuccessful attempts) 34 of which were operated by using explosive gasses (70% of total).
Greek banks, to eliminate the ATM gas attacks, have already installed, in specific off-site ATMs (under a risk-based approach), special anti-gas systems (special neutralisation gas, enhanced shielding, blast wave absorbing panels or ways of channelling out the gas).
Furthermore, the Hellenic Police is about to propose the issuance of a Ministerial Decree to oblige banks and other ATM servicers operating in Greece, to take safety measures for the elimination of that phenomenon.”