EBF Background Brussels

EBF SECURITY
REPORT

After 27 years of reporting on Physical security, the EBF embraces the digital transformation by creating an online platform including the recollection of all the published data. Each year the data submitted by our members will be added to the data warehouse.

Welcome to this new format, we are happy to offer you a renewed platform for information sharing of incidents that will be evolutive, adaptable and comprehensive.

Most certainly, the online format enables us to create living content that will adapt to changing situation, key events or can be updated at any time.

This new way of reporting data will be the support of the physical security incidents that our members have been reporting over the years but will be the opportunity to introduce as of February 2018 a new reporting section on criminal trends affecting the cyber-sphere.

INTRODUCTION

This year’s report has been dedicated to the ATM, 50 years after the inauguration of the first Automated Teller Machine at the Enfield branch of Barclays Bank in London on 27th June 1967.

This significant invention was a precursor of the current digital transformation of the banking sector. We will elaborate, in the Cybersecurity section of this report, on how this first element of the interconnected bank’s network that with the support of Card association like Visa and MasterCard expanded rapidly to cross-border level.

The ATM is yearly increasing its worldwide presence at a rapid pace, ATMIA reported that virtually an ATM is installed every three minutes somewhere on earth. The latter reporting also that in 2014: “there were over 3 million ATMs worldwide, deployed across most countries and in places as far afield as Antarctica, Easter Island, near Ayers Rock (Uluru) in central Australia, in the Forbidden City in Beijing, China, at the Grand Canyon in America, in Nagqu in Tibet at an altitude of over 14,000 feet and in remote parts of Fiji and Papua New Guinea, to mention but a few “extreme ATMs”“.

ATM explosive attacks trends.

Coming back to the central concern of this incident reporting platform, the ATM has proven to be in the history of the Physical Security report a target of interest for criminals. The more banks improved countermeasures to limit the possibility of bank robberies the more the criminals turn to ATM and Cash transport to get access to cash. The attacks against the ATM became over the past years increasingly violent. Indeed the resistance of the infrastructure to brute force or gas attack has lead robbers to revert to more powerful explosive. In this report, two national banking association have reported an increasing number of those attacks. The Dutch and Hellenic banking association describe the issue as follow.

For the NVB: “The number of ATM attacks increased in 2016 (79) compared to 2015 (56). In the first half year of 2017, there were 40% fewer attacks compared to the first 6 months of 2016. However, more often explosives are used by criminals, and therefore the danger for residents living nearby an ATM is significantly increased. At 95% of the ATM attacks in 2016 criminals used an explosive instead of gas. This is a big concern for Dutch banks and of course others.
Due to the increasing danger for residents and bystanders banks have decided to close dozens of ATM’s based on risk analysis (availability of cash taken into account) and in addition to measures to prevent an ATM attack banks have invested in measures facilitating the detection of criminals, like alerting the police and intelligent camera detection.

For the HBA: “Τhe ATM explosions (almost exclusively with the usage of gas), are highly increased through the first semester of 2017. In 2016 we had 47 physical attacks to ATMs (both successful and unsuccessful attempts) 24 of which were operated by using explosive gasses (+50% of total). In the first semester of 2017, we had 49 recorded physical attacks (both successful and unsuccessful attempts) 34 of which were operated by using explosive gasses (70% of total).
Greek banks, to eliminate the ATM gas attacks, have already installed, in specific off-site ATMs (under a risk-based approach), special anti-gas systems (special neutralisation gas, enhanced shielding, blast wave absorbing panels or ways of channelling out the gas).
Furthermore, the Hellenic Police is about to propose the issuance of a Ministerial Decree to oblige banks and other ATM servicers operating in Greece, to take safety measures for the elimination of that phenomenon.

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Source: ATMIA (ATM 50TH ANNIVERSARY PLANNING PORTAL)

KEY DATA:
PHYSICAL SECURITY

45

REPORTING COUNTRY

7500

INCIDENTS REPORTED DURING THE LAST 5 YEARS

272.596.25

REPORTED STOLEN DURING THE LAST 5 YEARS

KEY DATES:
PHYSICAL SECURITY

1992
2000
2016
>

1992

First year of data submited by members

>

2000

First year of data submited by members

>

2016

First year of data submited by members

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DATA WAREHOUSE REPORTING TOPICS:

BANK ROBBERIES

Attacks against the banks since the establishement of the first report in 1993 have decreased for a comparable sample of country of 75%. For more information go to the data collection and information pages. A breakdown of the information is made between localisation, financial impact and modus operandi.

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